Bracket systems – how they differ and which one to choose

Modern orthodontics allows you to create a beautiful smile and the right bite for almost every person. Bracket systems and have long been used not only in children and adolescents, doctors are actively using a variety of methods for correcting bite and position of teeth in adult patients. Choosing a bracket system is not an easy task, as a rule, the doctor offers different options both in price and in appearance. This article will help you prepare and spend time more effectively in the orthodontist’s office.

The bracket system consists of locks (brackets) fixed on the teeth with special dental glue and an arc (wire) that combines the locks into a single system.

Orthodontic archwires can differ in the material from which they are made, in shape and diameter. During the treatment, a whole series of archwires are installed sequentially in the braces. First, these are the thinnest and most flexible archwires, which gradually and carefully align even the most uneven teeth, then more rigid archwires are installed, which finally change the position of the teeth, create the correct shape of the dentition, and are also used to correct bite, close gaps.

Locks (braces) can also be different. In contrast to the wires that the orthodontist selects depending on the current task, patients also participate in the choice of braces, since the appearance and comfort during treatment depend on it.

Bracket systems can be transparent or metal, fixed on the outside or on the inside of the dentition. These are the main differences that affect the feel and appearance of patients while wearing them. Next, consider the nuances of different systems.

The current generation of braces are self-ligating. The difference from previous generation braces lies in the way the archwire is attached to the teeth. The arc passes through small locks, which are opened and closed by the orthodontist if correction is necessary during the treatment process. No additional funds are required – ligatures (rubber bands, wires) to hold the arcs.

Compared to ligature braces, self-ligating braces are more comfortable, get used to them faster, they accumulate less plaque during the day, move teeth faster, are less noticeable and require less frequent visits to the orthodontist. The cost of metal modern self-ligating bracket systems at the Medical Center “XXI Century” together with the installation is 31,050 rubles. for one jaw, transparent self-ligating bracket systems from 42,550 to 51,750 rubles. on one jaw together with installation.

Transparent or metallic?

The choice depends on how the patient wants to look during the treatment, how important the aesthetic side is.

Metal braces are more noticeable, but they have a number of advantages: they are stronger, due to the smooth polished surface they accumulate less plaque, and they are smaller in size compared to transparent ones. Metal braces move teeth as quickly as possible, so in situations that require moving teeth over long distances, choosing such braces can save a lot of time. An important factor is the price, metal braces are cheaper than transparent ones.

Transparent or, as they are also called, aesthetic braces are perhaps the most popular among patients. Their main advantage is that they are much less noticeable than metal braces. They can be installed if such important events as a wedding, graduation, anniversary are planned during treatment. Of the minuses – they are a little more brittle when compared with metal ones; during treatment, one or two braces may break. This happens very rarely, but it is theoretically possible and orthodontists always warn about this possibility. It can be noted that they move teeth a little more slowly, in some clinical situations this is noticeable, in others it is not significant.

It is possible to combine transparent and metal braces. For example, put transparent braces on the upper teeth, and metal braces on the lower ones. You can also put transparent braces only on the most front teeth, which are most visible when smiling: on 4 incisors and on fangs, and the rest of the braces will be metal. Arcs and in the case of transparent braces, and in the case of metal ones, will be metal. One-time, for some specific events, it is possible to install white arcs, but such arcs are less efficient in work, therefore they are installed for aesthetic reasons on special occasions.

In modern orthodontics, internal (lingual) bracket systems and a series of caps (aligners) are actively used for patients who are not ready to wear bracket systems on the outer surface of the teeth. Thus, if the patient wants to make orthodontic treatment as invisible to others as possible or even keep it completely secret, modern orthodontics has something to offer.

Digital technologies are increasingly being used in all areas of life and, of course, modern orthodontics has not been left out. Bracket systems made using digital technologies are actively used. This is an ultra-modern direction in orthodontics, in which all braces during manufacture receive the most individual settings for each individual patient, take into account all the features of the shape, size, position, inclination of the teeth, as well as the planned movements of the teeth. This is achieved with the help of a computer program in which there is a complete visualization and individual calculation of the elements of the bracket system and treatment stages.

The very process of orthodontic treatment and its technical components, with the help of which orthodontists achieve their goals, are also being improved. In the process of treatment on bracket systems, orthodontic mini-implants are now widely used. They are not related to conventional implantation and restoration of teeth. These are small temporary titanium pins, on which individual elements of the bracket system are fixed, in places where more effort is required for alignment.

Orthodontic mini-implants allow orthodontists, keeping up with modern technology, to make movements of the teeth that were previously not possible or possible only with the help of surgical procedures. So, for example, orthodontic mini-implants help to correct a gingival smile, even if this problem is pronounced. With a gingival smile above the upper front teeth, a large amount of gum is visible and many patients find this unaesthetic. This is a very common situation. Now this can be quickly and comfortably corrected for the patient, and this is far from the only example. Such orthodontic mini-implants are installed according to the indications, which are determined by the orthodontist individually in each specific case.

For each patient, the bracket system is selected individually, and this choice is influenced by both the characteristics of the bite and the position of the teeth, as well as brushing skills, patient preferences, and even profession, hobbies, and lifestyle features. Modern technologies can do a lot, but the most important step remains for a person to realize the importance of a proper bite for the health of the whole organism, and a beautiful smile for confidence and mood, and come to an appointment with an orthodontist.