An allergy is an acute reaction of the body’s immune system to normally harmless substances. Allergies can be caused by the hair of certain animals, various foods, dust, medicines, chemicals, insect bites, and pollen. The substances that cause allergies are called allergens. In some cases, allergic reactions are so mild that you may not even know you have allergies at all. Medical information for Sinoderm including its dosage, uses, side, effects, interactions, pictures and warnings.” … The information provided in Name of the medicinal product of Sinoderm is based on data of another medicine with exactly the same composition as the Sinoderm . Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Name of the medicinal product in the instructions to the drug Sinoderm
But allergies can, on the other hand, be extremely dangerous and even life-threatening. Allergy sufferers can go into anaphylactic shock, a severe pathological condition associated with the body’s extremely acute reaction to an allergen. Anaphylactic shock can be caused by a variety of allergens: medications, insect bites, food. Anaphylactic shock can also be caused by skin contact with an allergen, such as latex.
A food allergy is an immune reaction caused by certain foods and accompanied by known symptoms. A food allergy occurs when the body mistakenly mistakes a certain product for a threat to the body and forces the immune system to produce antibodies to protect itself. When the allergen is ingested again, the immune system quickly recognizes the substance and immediately reacts by producing antibodies again. It is these substances that cause the allergy symptoms. Food allergies almost always develop in this way.
In some cases, allergies that were seen as children go away in adults. But if the allergy has manifested itself only as an adult, it is very difficult to get rid of it. Allergic runny nose (specialists call this condition rhinitis) or hay fever occurs in 1 person out of 10 and is often hereditary. People with other allergic diseases, such as bronchial asthma or eczema, also often suffer from allergic rhinitis. Such allergies are more common in women than in men. With an allergic runny nose, the following symptoms may appear: itching in the eyes, throat, nose and palate, sneezing, as well as a stuffy nose, watery eyes, mucous discharge from the nose, conjunctivitis (redness and pain in the eyes). In severe cases, an allergic runny nose can cause an asthma attack (in people with asthma) and/or eczema.
Causes of allergies
In some people, the immune system reacts acutely to certain substances (allergens) by producing various chemicals. One of these, histamine, causes allergy symptoms. The body can react by inhaling, by skin contact, by injecting the allergen or by eating it. Allergens can include animal hair, down, dust, food, cosmetics, medicines, pollen, and cigarette smoke.
What you can do
Mild allergic reactions can cause runny nose, watery eyes, and other cold-like symptoms. A small rash may also occur. If you frequently experience these reactions in yourself or a loved one, you should see a doctor.
Remember that in the case of anaphylactic shock, the allergy affects the whole body. Anaphylactic shock can happen within 15 minutes of taking the allergen, so you need to take immediate action (you should call an ambulance).
Avoid foods, medications and other substances to which you have ever been allergic.
Your allergies should be known to your friends, family and co-workers. Always tell all your doctors (including dentists, cosmetologists, etc.) about all your allergies, especially to medications. This applies to both prescription and over-the-counter medications. Before you take any medication, read the package and instructions carefully.
For mild forms of allergic runny nose, use decongestant drops and sprays to relieve symptoms. If the allergy is caused by a medication, stop using it immediately and consult a doctor.
Take antihistamines (allergy medicine) prescribed by your doctor. Avoid driving or operating machinery when taking antihistamines that have a sedative effect, as they can cause drowsiness. However, there are now a number of antihistamines that do not have a sedative effect. For allergic skin reactions, use an antipruritic cream or lotion on the rash area to relieve irritation.
What your doctor can do
The doctor should rule out the possibility of other diseases, as well as conduct tests to identify the allergen and prescribe antihistamines and, if necessary, steroids. If the allergen is identified, but contact with it is unavoidable, the doctor should administer a special vaccine to prevent and treat the allergy.
The doctor may also recommend a special diet for patients with food allergies.
Preventive measures for allergies
Try to identify the substances that cause your allergies and always avoid them. Keep your home clean and free of dust, lint, and mites. Cover your nose (use a gauze bandage or mask) when sweeping or vacuuming, dusting furniture, changing bedding, and any other contact with dusty items. If you are allergic to pets, do not keep them in your home.
If you are allergic to medications, always carry a special card that tells you which medications you are allergic to. That way, even if you’re unconscious or can’t remember the name of the medication, you’ll be safe from being injected with an allergen. If you have severe allergies, notify your family and co-workers and remember to tell your doctors.
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