The word “antiseptic” is Greek in origin and literally means “against decay”. In medicine, an antiseptic is one of the methods of disinfection, which implies the influence on pathogenic microorganisms by different effects: physical, chemical, mechanical or biological. The action of such a substance should lead to the complete destruction or cessation of bacterial, fungal and microbial microflora. One of the antiseptics is https://pillintrip.com/medicine/chlorhexamed-forte-0-2.
In order for the pathogenic microorganism to develop and reproduce, it needs a special environment and conditions. For example, for bacterial flora it is important to have oxygen and moisture, as well as stable temperature values. Antiseptics in medicine is the general name for all disinfectants that give the necessary result. They are classified according to different indicators.
Types of antiseptics
Mechanical, which allows you to clean the injured surface and non-vital tissues. Here we mean washing the surface with a purulent formation, cleaning the bottom of the wound, excision of its edges.
Chemical antiseptic techniques are used for the therapy of wound infection, as well as for preventive purposes. Such antiseptic solutions are considered destructive to microorganisms.
Biological is the largest group of drugs. This includes, for example, inoculations. Their action also extends to the cells of germs, affecting its toxins as well. Such disinfection additionally increases the body’s defense functions.
In a separate type allocate the simultaneous use of several drugs as antiseptic. This group is also quite common. So, for wound treatment, doctors use several methods of antisepsis – mechanical (external treatment of the surface) and biological (administration of anti-Tetanus serum).
Each type implies a huge variety of antiseptic agents. They are used:
For the treatment or prevention of infectious suppuration;
For the disinfection of the room and instruments;
Antiseptics are used in medicine depending on what effect they are designed for – internal or external. For external use they are usually in the form of ointments, sprays, lotions, solutions for gargling, etc. Oral antiseptics (in most cases they are antibiotics) come in the form of tablets, powders and sometimes rectal suppositories.
Each antiseptic has instructions for use that clearly state how it should be used. If it says “For external use” on the package, the drug should never be swallowed. Even if it is used to rinse the oral mucosa, it should be spit out.